Nain rugs and carpets
by Ehsan Afzalzadeh Naini, Iran Rug Company
Naein ( Nain )
History books don’t say anything about Naein rugs although the city itself, is more than 3000 years old. Till 60 years ago Naein was famous for it’s ‘ABA’ (mantle). As the Iranians’ taste of clothes changed, the demand for mantles slowed down and the people of Naein put all their effort on carpet weaving.
Naein City is a district of Isfahan Province, in central parts of Iran. It has 13 rural districts and 830 villages. 150000 people live in more than 53000 square kilometers. Its all desert. The job of almost all people is rug weaving, except the government employees and some merchants.
Rug weaving in Naein
KHUR and BIABANAK and JANDAQH
Features of Naein Rugs
DESIGN and PATTERN: The most common used are Shah-Abbasi, Medallion and triangle, and Islimies, which all are among the most Old Persian patterns. Amazing order of traditional motifs and brilliant colors brought world fame and glory to Naein rugs. Gonbadi, Haj khanomi, Mihrabi, All-over, and All-over Medallion are other common patterns of Naein rugs. Recently, production of round and octagonal rugs brought a new identity to Naein design. Fine work of master designers guarantees this identity.
DYEING: Naein rugs have much of their fame because of special dyes and colors used in them. The rugs produced in other areas in the name of Naein rugs, don’t have this quality; they use chemical dyes sometimes. There are 11 main colors and 4 secondary colors. Crème, light Khaki, deep Khaki, brown, crimson, indigo, deep blue, light blur, dark red, and mousy are the main colors and jasper green, moss green, green and pink are secondary colors.
WEAVING: Naein rugs have Persian knots and double warps. Weaving standard is high and the rugs are made precise. Looms are wooden. Mainly women do the weaving. They say that although we can not have a little garden in our yards, we weave heavenly gardens on our rugs.
Ehsan Afzalzadeh Naini, Iran Rug Company, 21 June 2005
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