Oriental rugs and textiles – types of rugs

The educational rug photo-gallery with types of Oriental rugs and textiles is one of the first published sections of Jozan Magazine and includes ca. 2.500 rug images organized by type and origin. Images in the gallery are collected over nearly two decades and published with permission from auction houses, dealers, collectors or museums.

Afghan rugs

Antique and semi-antique Afghan rugs are mostly made by Turkmens of the Ersari tribe. The rugs are often with large Turkmen guls in shades of red… read more

Anatolian rugs

Anatolia is the Asiatic part of Turkey and carpets and rug weaving is a traditional ancient craft dating back to at least the 13th century… read more

Balouch rugs

The Balouch (Baluch, Beluch) pile rugs are usually small and in dark colours… read more

Carpets from India

Carpet weaving in India can be traced to the beginning of the Mughal Dynasty in the early sixteenth century where Indian craftsmen adopted Persian techniques and designs… read more

Caucasian rugs

Caucasian rugs are primarily village rugs and normally display geometric designs in primary colours. The Caucasus is the area between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea… read more

Chinese rugs and carpets

The carpet production in China were probably introduced between the 15th and 17th centuries and the patterns inspired from Chinese porcelain and other art. These Chinese carpets were popular in the imperial courts during this time… read more

East Turkestan rugs

The historical East Turkestan is a part of the Xinjiang Region of China. Khotan and Kashgar are oase cities in Xinjiang and Khotan is the source of most rugs labelled East Turkestan rugs… read more

Egyptian and Syrian carpets

Ancient Egyptian carpets include Cairene carpets and Mamluk carpets. Damascus carpets, attributed to Syria, is connected to the rug art of the Mamluk rulers.

European carpets

Carpet production in Europe has especially taken place in France, England, Spain and Ireland. The earliest Spanish carpets are dated back to the 14th century… read more

Famous carpets

Some oriental carpets are famous because of their age, their beauty or because of their price. The Pazyryk rug is thought to be the oldest known carpet in the world, dating around 5th c. BC, and found in a dry valley of the Altai Mountains in Kazakhstan. It is in … read more

Jewish rugs

The most well-known Jewish rugs are Bezalel rugs and Marbediah (Marvadiah) rugs made by Jewish weavers in the first quarter of the 20th century in Jerusalem… read more

Kurdish rugs

Kurdish Rugs are rugs woven by Kurds.  Kurdish groups populate the eastern part of Turkey, northern Iraq, western Persia and areas near Persia’s eastern borders. Many rugs labelled “Kurdish” are from the eastern part of Anatolia… read more

Kyrgyz rugs

The Kyrgyz inhabits primarily Kyrgyzstan but are also found in other parts of Central Asia… read more

Moroccan rugs

Traditionally, Moroccan rugs have been woven for their domestic purposes rather than for decorative purposes. Moroccan rugs may be thick with a heavy pile, making them useful for the snow-capped Atlas mountains… read more

Pakistani rugs

Present days handmade rugs from Pakistan are often knotted by Afghan refugees and carpet production is an important export product. The Bokhara design is often seen in contemporary Pakistani rugs… read more

Persian rugs and carpets

Carpet making in Persia is an ancient art and craft. Persian rugs and carpets are woven by nomadic tribes, in villages and in town work-shops as well as in royal court manufactories in former times… read more

Shasavan rugs and bags

The Shahsavan are a nomadic pastoralist tribe located in northwest Iran and in the southern part of Azerbaijan. They migrate between their winter quarters in the Mughan steppe and their summer quarters around Mount Sabalan in the Ardebil province… read more


The photo-gallery with Textiles includes collectable and tribal textiles from around the world. Suzanis, Ikats, Swedish weavings, African textiles, Ottoman embroidery and more… read more

Tibetan rugs

Making Tibetan rugs is an very old traditional craft. Tibetan rugs are most often made from Tibetan highland sheep’s wool. They are often made for domestic use as sitting mats, floor coverings, wall hangings and saddles… read more

Turkmen rugs

Turkmen rugs are made by Turkmen tribes who are the main ethnic group in Turkmenistan in Central Asia. Turkmens are also living in Afghanistan and Iran. Their weavings include carpets, door hangings and bags of many different sizes. .. read more

Uzbek rugs

Central Asian rugs also include Uzbek rugs made in Uzbekistan. The most well known Uzbek rugs are the Julkhurs, long coarse sleeping rugs, and rugs made by Uzbek Karakalpaks… read more

War rugs

The war rug tradition of Afghanistan has its origins because of Soviet occupation of Afghanistan in 1979… read more

See maps of rug producing countries. Check also our Rug Directory with links to rug sites and our Rug lexicon for common rug terms and rug names. Check also our rug auction price guide.